sexta-feira, 7 de setembro de 2007

Sousveillance Culture

O coordena, em parceria com o Conflux 2007, um painel de debates sobre Sousveillance Culture, com a participação dos artistas Amy Alexander, Jill Magid and Hasan Elahi. Extrato abaixo e mais informações no próprio

"Rhizome is organizing a panel in conjunction with Conflux, on sousveillance, the practice of watching from below (sous-) rather than above (sur-). A diverse group of artists whose work engages surveillance will explore the cultural and political implications of sousveillance, which tends to be discussed as empowering when manifest as a "taking-back" of cameras or the rising-up of "little brother," but which also unfolds in an era of increased self-surveillance, encouraged by both the government and the culture of participatory and 'transparent' media. Panelists include artists Amy Alexander, Jill. Magid and Hasan Elahi, and moderator Marisa Olson, Editor and Curator, Rhizome."

O termo "sousveillance" tem sua autoria reivindicada por Steve Mann, mas vem sendo apropriado de formas variadas por artistas, ativistas e pesquisadores. Algumas definições do próprio Mann:

"Sousveillance is a form of “reflectionism,” a term invented by Mann (1998) for a philosophy and procedures of using technology to mirror and confront bureaucratic organizations. Reflectionism holds up the mirror and asks the question: “Do you like what you see?” If you do not, then you will know that other approaches by which we integrate society and technology must be considered ... Reflectionism becomes sousveillance when it is applied to individuals using tools to observe the organizational observer. Sousveillance focuses on enhancing the ability of people to access and collect data about their surveillance and to neutralize surveillance. As a form of personal space protection, it resonates with Gary Marx’s (2003) proposal to resist surveillance through non-compliance and interference ‘moves’ that block, distort, mask, refuse, and counter-surveil the collection of information".

Ou, ainda segundo o mesmo autor:

"There are 2 main definitions, which are approximately equivalent, but each capture slightly different aspects of sousveillance:
1. Inverse surveillance: to watch from below;
2. Personal experience capture: recording of an activity by a participant in the activity. There is already a certain legal precedent for audio sousveillance, e.g. "one-party" recording of telephone conversations enjoys greater legal protection than recording by a person who is not a party to the conversation. In most states, audio surveillance is illegal, but audio sousveillance is legal".

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